Overview of the development of environmentally fri

2022-08-18
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Overview of the development of environmental protection packaging in various countries

in recent years, some developed countries have developed "green packaging" under the dual pressure of resource crisis and pollution prevention and control. At present, the recycling of packaging material resources that cause malfunction has formed a new industrial system in developed countries such as Europe and the United States. Its successful experience and practice are worth learning from. The United States implements the charging and reuse of packaging waste treatment. According to the US "packaging digest", the Florida government is actively implementing the "waste disposal pre charge law", referred to as ADF, which allows everyone to freely choose the cost of packaging waste disposal and allows commodity consumers to bear it

in order to encourage packaging container manufacturers to support the implementation of the law, ADF stipulates that as long as they reach a certain recycling level, they can apply for exemption from the tax on packaging waste. According to the annual recycling rate of various materials of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (DEP), containers with a recycling rate of more than 50% can be exempted from the pre charge, so as to encourage all producers BASF to announce that at least half of their products can be recycled, At present, the annual recycling volume of waste cartons in the United States is more than 40million tons, and the recycled packaging old cartons can be reused after chemical treatment

the EU's "Green Plan" requires Member States to double the recycling of all kinds of waste glass within two to three years. It is estimated that this measure can save 25million liters of oil, 2million tons of bottle making materials, 20million marks of waste treatment fees, and reduce the amount of waste glass in garbage by 20%

representatives of the Dutch packaging industry signed a contract with the government, which includes foreign products circulating in the Dutch market. The contract clearly stipulates that 65% of the packaging materials must be reusable from now on, 45% of which must be recycled, and 20% require the use of incineration to produce energy

Switzerland is implementing a recycling plan for pet and glass. In 1988, the recycling of packaging materials in Switzerland reached 80%. At present, a deposit system of 0.5 francs per can and soft drink container is still implemented to ensure the recycling of packaging containers

Germany implements the circular economy law, which stipulates in legal form that commodity producers and distributors must recycle packaging waste. The decree requires containers and packages to be marked with green signs. According to this, consumers put garbage into the dustbin, and then a special company is responsible for recycling. The company is jointly set up by producers and distributors. Commodity producers and distributors pay the recycling company the use fee of green signs according to the production and sales volume. Relevant enterprises strive to pack simple and light containers. According to statistics, Germany can reduce 200000 tons of household and retail packaging waste in the past five years. The application scope of the circular economy law has been extended to the fields of automobiles, electronic equipment and so on. In the future, it will be gradually expanded to furniture, building materials and other aspects, with the purpose of minimizing packaging waste and reducing the pressure of packaging waste on the environment. At present, the proportion of paper produced from old packaging paper in Germany is 50 ~ 60%, and products produced from waste paper can be seen everywhere in the market. Such as notebook, toilet paper, stationery, etc. 71% of the glass bottles consumed in the market are recycled, which is close to the 72% level required by the government. The German federal government also promoted the industry to convert PVC bottles to PET materials, and required that 80% of PET bottles be recycled

Japan is committed to improving people's awareness of environmental protection. The Ministry of trade, industry and trade announced a set of suggestions on product packaging, which involves the handling methods of consumer product packaging. Reduce the amount of waste and encourage recycling. It is suggested that, for example, customers should be charged a deposit when selling packages of goods that pollute the environment. The deposit will be refunded after the customer returns the package to the store after consuming the goods

in order to cooperate with this set of suggestions, the Japan Department Store Association set up a committee to study ways to save energy and work closely with packers. The Committee has designed two sets of commodity packaging standards for department stores. The key points of environmental protection are: the packaging raw materials greatly reduce the crosstalk of small signals, and the materials or containers must not endanger human health; Packaging materials that are difficult to degrade after being discarded should be used as little as possible; Try to reduce the packaging volume: the space volume in the container should not exceed 20% of the product volume. The committee also advocated the simplest packaging method, and even called for efforts towards zero packaging

in terms of packaging waste treatment, recycling and reuse, as early as the 1950s, the recycling rate of packaging waste paper in Japan reached 50%, and that in Tokyo was even higher than 80%. Due to the high recycling rate of waste paper, Japan has become the second largest paper producer in the world. Japan has 200 waste glass recycling centers. The amount of garbage in Japan has been reduced by 5%. Japan has always controlled the use of non decomposable plastic packaging materials and tried to use recycled cartons for packaging

China has a low per capita share of resources and is also a large developing country. It is necessary and necessary for us to put the implementation of "green packaging" in an important position, develop new "green packaging materials" from the renewable resources of packaging materials, easy to handle, and reduce pollution, and strengthen environmental protection through legislation

(from China food industry)

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